NPAP Training Overview

The following gives an abbreviated view of our training program. For more detailed information about the training program, please see our NPAP Bulletin.

Becoming a psychoanalyst is a complex and rigorous undertaking involving the following components:

Personal Analysis

An important requisite for psychoanalytic training is the candidate’s own personal psychoanalysis. It provides the candidate with in-depth, direct personal experience in the psychoanalytic treatment process.


NPAP’s course of study is structured on three levels:

  1. Enrollment
  2. Matriculation
  3. Readiness-for-Control

The curriculum consists of required and elective courses offering a thorough grounding in traditional and contemporary psychoanalytic concepts and practice, including but not limited to classical, ego psychological, object relations, Kleinian, self- psychological, Lacanian, intersubjective and relational theory. Any or all of these perspectives may serve as the foundation for the candidate’s own approach to clinical practice.

Clinical Experience

Candidates must acquire experience in treating patients in individual psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, under the personal supervision of NPAP members. After a year or two they may qualify to receive patient referrals through the Theodor Reik Clinical Center (TRCC). Candidates with licenses in a mental health profession that includes psychoanalysis in its scope of practice may include their work with private patients towards this NPAP requirement.


NPAP is accredited by New York State to prepare candidates for the New York State License in Psychoanalysis and to provide the necessary clinical experience for Licensed Masters in Social Work seeking the License in Clinical Social Work.


In keeping with Freud’s view that psychoanalysis is not a subspecialty of the medical profession, NPAP’s Charter permits the admission of persons who, in addition to meeting other criteria, have completed at least a Master’s degree (or will complete such a degree prior to the Matriculation level). Candidates have entered NPAP from the fields of religion, law, literature, the arts, education, philosophy and other branches of the humanities as well as the fields of nursing, social work, psychology and psychiatry.

Candidates can be enrolled at several different levels:


This is the level at which applicants enter NPAP if they have had no prior psychoanalytic training or certification.


The Institute welcomes applications for advanced standing from persons with previous training or certification from a recognized psychoanalytic institute.


Applicants who have an interest in studying psychoanalytic theory but do not wish at this time to complete an entire course of study as a psychoanalyst, or who wish to begin training before their complete application materials have been received, may take one course each term from among the list of required Enrollment level courses. If a course is full, regularly enrolled candidates have precedence over auditors. An auditor must meet most of the requirements for admission at the Enrollment level.